5G simply refers to the next and newest mobile wireless standard based on the IEEE 802.11ac standard of broadband technology. We can say that – 5G Wireless Technology denotes the proposed next major phase of mobile telecommunications standards beyond the current 4G standards. Rather than faster Internet connection speeds, 5G planning aims at a higher capacity than current 4G, allowing a higher number of mobile broadband users per area unit, and allowing consumption of higher or unlimited data quantities in gigabyte per minute and user. This would make it feasible for a large portion of the population to consume high-quality streaming media many hours per day on their mobile devices, also when out of reach of wifi hotspots. 5G research and development also aim at improved support of machine to machine communication, also known as the Internet of things, aiming at lower cost, lower battery consumption, and lower latency than 4G equipment.
The main aim of 5G research and development is to provide a higher speed of internet at a lesser cost, to reduce battery drainage, lower latency, to increase the security and connectivity for a large community.
Although it is too early to decide on what exactly 5G wireless technology is and its offerings, we can conclude on following basic requirements to fulfill 5G Wireless Technology:
- High & increased peak bit rate (Up to 10Gbps connections to endpoints in the field)
- Efficient use of energy in devices
- Larger data volume per unit area (i.e. high system spectral efficiency)
- High capacity to allow more devices connectivity concurrently and instantaneously (100percent coverage)
- More bandwidth
- Lower battery consumption
- Better connectivity irrespective of the geographic region, in which you are
- Larger number of supporting devices (10 to 100x number of connected devices)
- Lower cost of infrastructural development
- Higher reliability of the communications (One millisecond end-to-end round trip delay)
With a huge array of innovative features, now your smartphone would be more parallel to the laptop. You can use broadband internet connection; other significant features that fascinate people are more gaming options, wider multimedia options, connectivity everywhere, zero latency, faster response time, and high-quality sound and HD video can be transferred to another cell phone without compromising the quality of audio and video.
5G Wireless Technology Uses UWB (Ultra Wide Band) networks with higher Band Width at low energy levels. Band Width is of 4000 Mbps, which is 400 times faster than today’s wireless networks. It uses a smart antenna and CDMA (Code Division Multiple Access). 5G will be the single unified standard of different wireless networks, including LAN technologies, LAN/WAN, WWWW- World Wide Wireless Web, unified IP & seamless combination of broadband. It follows Master Core technology to be operated into parallel multimode including all IP network mode and 5G network mode. In this mode (as shown in the image given below), it controls all network technologies of RAN and Different Access Networks (DAT). Any service mode can be opened under 5G New Deployment Mode as World Combination Service Mode (WCSM). WCSM is a wonderful feature of this technology; for example, if a teacher writes on the white board in a country – it can be displayed on another white board in any other part of the world besides conversation and video. Further, new services can be easily added through parallel multimode service.
It is expected that the implementation of 5G Wireless Technology is about to take four years more from now. As to make it usable for the people o the third world we need more time. We need more time to develop its functionality. We need more research on its users and security. The speed, it is promised to serve is hard to achieve and we need high infrastructure for 5G wireless technology Deployment. So, we can see there are various challenges to overcome. So we can expect its deployment in 2020. Currently, the United States and South Korea are leading in the implementation of 5G. The South Korean government has reportedly invested $1.5billion in 5G research and promised a trial of 5G in 2017.
5G Wireless Technology is more intelligent technology, which will interconnect the entire world without limits. It is designed to provide unbelievable and extraordinary data capabilities, unhindered call volumes, and vast data broadcast. Our world would have universal and uninterrupted access to information, communication, and entertainment that will open a new dimension to our lives and will change our lifestyle meaningfully.
Moreover, governments and regulators can use this technology as an opportunity for the good governance and can create healthier environments, which will definitely encourage continuing investment in 5G, the next generation technology.
India is also advancing towards 5g though the implementation of 4G and 3G is still under process. The Indian Institute of Technology, Hyderabad (IITH), is getting ready to exhibit the first Cloud RAN prototype for 5G. This will be much faster than the existing 4G. The faculty and students of IITH started working on the 5G project about two years ago and now it has become a reality. “Cloud RAN prototype for 5G with interference free communications is one of the first prototypes in the world. To understand it in common man’s language, this will allow downloading a cinema from the web within eight to 10 seconds. The usage of data and communication in the society will have a direct correlation with the increase of gross domestic product of the country. We are already witnessing the game change brought by 4G technology and the impact of 5G will be multiple,” says associate professor Kiran Kuchi of the Department of Electrical Engineering.