Switchgrass is one of the perennial grasses with scientific name Panicum virgatum. It is an ideal biomass energy source because of its moderate to high productivity, stand longevity, high moisture and nutrient use efficiency and adaptability to most agricultural regions in North America. Switchgrass produced 540% more renewable than nonrenewable energy consumed. Switchgrass can be densified into pelletized biofuel and used for space heating purpose with a close couple gasifier pellet stove.
Power scenario in the country calls for energy crisis management. Industrialization and growth in population is creating a void between demand and supply, and this void is deepening day by day. The generating cost is increasing day by day & the power tariffs are on the rise. Unless the above crises are properly managed power scenario will be bleak. There is a capital investment that can repay many times its original value over the next 20 years. At the same time, it can improve equipment reliability. The investment is straightforward: install electric motors having the highest electrical energy efficiency commensurate with your needs. Energy-efficient motors pay for themselves in a few years or sometimes even a few months, after which they will continue to pile up savings worth many times their purchase cost for as long as they remain in service.
Biomass is the from of firewood, agriculture residue and cow dung cake is consumed to meet energy requirements. Biomass as fuel is used in domestic cooking, hot water generation (estimated at 250 million tones annually) rural and urban small and unorganized industries (estimated at 25 million tones annually in India).